228 – Induction Motor Thermal Analysis

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Application Note / Model Data


Induction motors can be found in a wide number of uses, from industrial machines to home appliances, as they are simple construction in addition to being small, light, affordable, and maintenance-free. An induction motor is a motor in which a rotating magnetic field in the stator winding causes an induced current to flow in an auxiliary conductor. This current and magnetic field exert force on the auxiliary conductor in the rotation direction and cause the motor’s rotor to rotate. When this occurs, a large amount of joule heat is generated in the motor due to the influence of induced currents.
In order to correctly evaluate increases in temperature induction motor joule loss and iron loss, the use of coupled analyses is advantageous as so to obtain temperature distribution from thermal analyses using iron loss density distribution obtained from magnetic field analysis. This makes it possible to confirm overall temperature distribution and locations where temperatures grow particularly high.
In this example, evaluating induction motor temperature distribution.

Loss Density Distribution

The joule loss density of the cage and windings is displayed in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 respectively. A large portion of joule loss is distributed in the end ring.
Iron loss analysis results for the stator and rotor are displayed in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4.

Temperature Distribution

Stator temperature distribution is displayed in Fig. 5, and rotor temperature distribution is displayed in Fig. 6.
For the stator, each part is a heat source, and it is understood that temperatures rise until approximately 63 deg C. On the other hand, the main source of rotor heat is the cage, and it can be confirmed that heat is transferred to the rotor core. Because it is additionally difficult to emit the heat trapped within the stator, this becomes a high temperature of 156 deg C or above.

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