[JAC279] Thermal Analysis Accounting for Cooling of the IPM Motor

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IPM Motors
EV/HEV traction motors operate at ranges such as high torque and high power ranges. When running at such operating points, the temperature of parts rises as the loss becomes the heat source. Cooling system design using water jackets and ATF is put into practice as normal cooling by air allows the parts to exceed their heat resistant temperature.
It is possible to run an analysis that takes into account the cooling and the heat resistance between the parts by using the thermal equivalent circuit.
In this example, thermal equivalent circuit is used to run thermal analysis of a 3-phase IPM motor that accounts for cooling, and check the temperature change in the coil.

Cooling Specifications

Fig. 1. Cooling Specifications
Cooling specifications are shown in Fig. 1.
The water jacket is installed on the upper 90 deg sector of the stator.
Assume that oil in the ATF pool accumulates inside the lower 90 deg sector of stator.
Housing, coil end and shafts are modeled in the thermal equivalent circuit.

Thermal Equivalent Circuit

Fig. 2. Thermal Equivalent Circuit
The thermal equivalent circuit is shown in Fig. 2.
The heat transfer boundary component labeled as FEM is connected to the finite element model.
The sides of stator core are divided into three parts: the water jacket part, the ATFpool part, and the rest of the remaining parts, which are connected to the housing and outside air through thermal resistance component.
Core surfaces other than the above and coil ends are thermally connected to the shaft and the housing through the air inside the housing.

Temperature Change in Coil

The temperature evaluation point of the coil is shown in Fig. 3, the temperature change of the coil is shown in Fig. 4, and the temperature 15 minutes after the motor starts is shown in Table 1.
You can determine whether the temperature is within the allowable temperature range of the heat resistance class by checking the coil temperature.
In this case study, the ATF pool part is cooler than the water jacket part when checking the temperature 15 minutes after the motor starts. You can see that the ATF has a higher cooling effect.
In the ATF pool part, the end portion is cooler than the central portion. You can see that cooling through the coil end is more effective than cooling through the core.

Fig. 3. Temperature Evaluation Point of Coil
Fig. 4. Temperature Change of Coil
Table 1. Coil Temperature 15 Minutes After the Motor Starts

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